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The Regions of Denmark were created as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform.
The counties (amter) were abolished and five regions were set up.
The predecessor of the 5 state administrations, before the 2007 reform, were the 15 state counties (plural,statsamter;singular,statsamt).
One of these statsamter, the prefecture in Copenhagen Municipality, was called the 'Upper Presidium of Copenhagen' (Københavns Overpræsidium).
They belong to The Ministry of the Interior and Health. These administrations are not subordinate to the regional councils, but rather the direct presence of the state (similar to governorates or prefectures in certain countries).
A state administration office exists in each region, supervising the daily business of municipalities and regions, and functioning as a body of appeal for citizens who wish to complain over a decision by the municipality or region.
As they are not municipalities they cannot "shuffle money around" from one area of expenditure to another area of expenditure, that is, use money for any other purpose than has been stated specifically, but must pay money not used back rather like departments or agencies of the central government.
They do not themselves levy any taxes, but are financed only by block grants which are coming from a tax levied by the central government until 2018 and the ordinary income tax and partly from taxes collected by their constituent municipalities.
This follows an agreement on taxes by the Folketing from 2009.Regions are led by directly elected councils ( Elections are held simultaneously with municipal elections every four years.